American Journal of Education and Information Technology

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Anxiety Trait and Psychosomatic Profile of Nursing Students Regarding the Risk of Depression in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic

Received: 1 August 2023    Accepted: 23 August 2023    Published: 13 September 2023
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Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the anxiety trait of nursing students and relate to the psychosomatic profile; To analyze anxiety trait, psychosomatic profile and relate to the risk of depression; Correlate anxiety trait, and psychosomatic profile of graduate students with sociodemographic and economic characteristics. Method: Correlational, quantitative, cross-sectional study, with the response variables the anxiety trait and the psychosomatic signs and symptoms of the students, and as predictors variables, the sociodemographic and economic characteristics of the students. Descriptive analysis (mean, standard deviation and median) and comparative analysis were performed using statistical tests. Results: The study sample consisted of 127 participants with a mean age of 25.9 years (standard deviation of 8.6); most were female 120 (94.5%) and lived in São Paulo 90 (70.9%). The mean Stai score was 51.29 (standard deviation of 11.27), with minimum and maximum values of 21 and 75, respectively. The mean Beck score was 14.26 (standard deviation of 9.03), the minimum and maximum values were 0 to 44. The median value was 12 [1st quartile: 8; 3rd quartile: 18]. The associations between the Stai and Beck scores revealed an increasing linear behavior, that is, as the Stai score increases, the Beck score increases. There is an association between age and Stai score: the highest means were observed in the youngest stratum of the sample. Scores were also significantly higher in females for the Beck score - the score was almost twice the male score. The highest scores were anxiety for those who performed some kind of work. Conclusion: There are significant correlations of the Stai anxiety trait and psychosomatic profile of the students with Beck anxiety inventory. There was a significant association between age, online learning, COVID-19 pandemic and current work for the Stai score. There is a significant association for the Beck score among females, which increases the risk of depression. There was a significant association between the Stai and Beck scores: as the Stai score increases, the Beck score increases. A positive and strong correlation was found between the Stai and Beck scores, in which the higher the Stai anxiety trait, the greater the risk of Beck depression.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajeit.20230702.16
Published in American Journal of Education and Information Technology (Volume 7, Issue 2, December 2023)
Page(s) 95-103
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Anxiety, Anxiety Disorders, Depression, Students

References
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Cite This Article
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    Lucas Reges Coton, Adriana Pereira da Silva Grilo, Rosana Dos Santos Martins, Harriet Bárbara Maruxo, Marcos Antonio da Eira Frias, et al. (2023). Anxiety Trait and Psychosomatic Profile of Nursing Students Regarding the Risk of Depression in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic. American Journal of Education and Information Technology, 7(2), 95-103. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajeit.20230702.16

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    Lucas Reges Coton; Adriana Pereira da Silva Grilo; Rosana Dos Santos Martins; Harriet Bárbara Maruxo; Marcos Antonio da Eira Frias, et al. Anxiety Trait and Psychosomatic Profile of Nursing Students Regarding the Risk of Depression in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic. Am. J. Educ. Inf. Technol. 2023, 7(2), 95-103. doi: 10.11648/j.ajeit.20230702.16

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    AMA Style

    Lucas Reges Coton, Adriana Pereira da Silva Grilo, Rosana Dos Santos Martins, Harriet Bárbara Maruxo, Marcos Antonio da Eira Frias, et al. Anxiety Trait and Psychosomatic Profile of Nursing Students Regarding the Risk of Depression in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic. Am J Educ Inf Technol. 2023;7(2):95-103. doi: 10.11648/j.ajeit.20230702.16

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajeit.20230702.16,
      author = {Lucas Reges Coton and Adriana Pereira da Silva Grilo and Rosana Dos Santos Martins and Harriet Bárbara Maruxo and Marcos Antonio da Eira Frias and Valclei Aparecida Gandolpho Pereira},
      title = {Anxiety Trait and Psychosomatic Profile of Nursing Students Regarding the Risk of Depression in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic},
      journal = {American Journal of Education and Information Technology},
      volume = {7},
      number = {2},
      pages = {95-103},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajeit.20230702.16},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajeit.20230702.16},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajeit.20230702.16},
      abstract = {Objectives: To evaluate the anxiety trait of nursing students and relate to the psychosomatic profile; To analyze anxiety trait, psychosomatic profile and relate to the risk of depression; Correlate anxiety trait, and psychosomatic profile of graduate students with sociodemographic and economic characteristics. Method: Correlational, quantitative, cross-sectional study, with the response variables the anxiety trait and the psychosomatic signs and symptoms of the students, and as predictors variables, the sociodemographic and economic characteristics of the students. Descriptive analysis (mean, standard deviation and median) and comparative analysis were performed using statistical tests. Results: The study sample consisted of 127 participants with a mean age of 25.9 years (standard deviation of 8.6); most were female 120 (94.5%) and lived in São Paulo 90 (70.9%). The mean Stai score was 51.29 (standard deviation of 11.27), with minimum and maximum values of 21 and 75, respectively. The mean Beck score was 14.26 (standard deviation of 9.03), the minimum and maximum values were 0 to 44. The median value was 12 [1st quartile: 8; 3rd quartile: 18]. The associations between the Stai and Beck scores revealed an increasing linear behavior, that is, as the Stai score increases, the Beck score increases. There is an association between age and Stai score: the highest means were observed in the youngest stratum of the sample. Scores were also significantly higher in females for the Beck score - the score was almost twice the male score. The highest scores were anxiety for those who performed some kind of work. Conclusion: There are significant correlations of the Stai anxiety trait and psychosomatic profile of the students with Beck anxiety inventory. There was a significant association between age, online learning, COVID-19 pandemic and current work for the Stai score. There is a significant association for the Beck score among females, which increases the risk of depression. There was a significant association between the Stai and Beck scores: as the Stai score increases, the Beck score increases. A positive and strong correlation was found between the Stai and Beck scores, in which the higher the Stai anxiety trait, the greater the risk of Beck depression.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Anxiety Trait and Psychosomatic Profile of Nursing Students Regarding the Risk of Depression in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic
    AU  - Lucas Reges Coton
    AU  - Adriana Pereira da Silva Grilo
    AU  - Rosana Dos Santos Martins
    AU  - Harriet Bárbara Maruxo
    AU  - Marcos Antonio da Eira Frias
    AU  - Valclei Aparecida Gandolpho Pereira
    Y1  - 2023/09/13
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajeit.20230702.16
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajeit.20230702.16
    T2  - American Journal of Education and Information Technology
    JF  - American Journal of Education and Information Technology
    JO  - American Journal of Education and Information Technology
    SP  - 95
    EP  - 103
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2994-712X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajeit.20230702.16
    AB  - Objectives: To evaluate the anxiety trait of nursing students and relate to the psychosomatic profile; To analyze anxiety trait, psychosomatic profile and relate to the risk of depression; Correlate anxiety trait, and psychosomatic profile of graduate students with sociodemographic and economic characteristics. Method: Correlational, quantitative, cross-sectional study, with the response variables the anxiety trait and the psychosomatic signs and symptoms of the students, and as predictors variables, the sociodemographic and economic characteristics of the students. Descriptive analysis (mean, standard deviation and median) and comparative analysis were performed using statistical tests. Results: The study sample consisted of 127 participants with a mean age of 25.9 years (standard deviation of 8.6); most were female 120 (94.5%) and lived in São Paulo 90 (70.9%). The mean Stai score was 51.29 (standard deviation of 11.27), with minimum and maximum values of 21 and 75, respectively. The mean Beck score was 14.26 (standard deviation of 9.03), the minimum and maximum values were 0 to 44. The median value was 12 [1st quartile: 8; 3rd quartile: 18]. The associations between the Stai and Beck scores revealed an increasing linear behavior, that is, as the Stai score increases, the Beck score increases. There is an association between age and Stai score: the highest means were observed in the youngest stratum of the sample. Scores were also significantly higher in females for the Beck score - the score was almost twice the male score. The highest scores were anxiety for those who performed some kind of work. Conclusion: There are significant correlations of the Stai anxiety trait and psychosomatic profile of the students with Beck anxiety inventory. There was a significant association between age, online learning, COVID-19 pandemic and current work for the Stai score. There is a significant association for the Beck score among females, which increases the risk of depression. There was a significant association between the Stai and Beck scores: as the Stai score increases, the Beck score increases. A positive and strong correlation was found between the Stai and Beck scores, in which the higher the Stai anxiety trait, the greater the risk of Beck depression.
    VL  - 7
    IS  - 2
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Graduate Nursing Department, City University of São Paulo (UNICID), São Paulo, Brazil

  • Graduate Nursing Department, City University of São Paulo (UNICID), São Paulo, Brazil

  • Graduate Nursing Department, City University of São Paulo (UNICID), São Paulo, Brazil

  • Graduate Nursing Department, City University of São Paulo (UNICID), São Paulo, Brazil

  • Graduate Nursing Department, City University of São Paulo (UNICID), São Paulo, Brazil

  • Graduate Nursing Department, City University of São Paulo (UNICID), São Paulo, Brazil

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